Freelancers, social security, and the future of work in an increasingly equal, diverse, and ageing society.
Similarities, rather than differences, characterise parent-child support among migrants and non-migrants
by Helga de Valk and Valeria Bordone
As our societies age, adult sons and daughters must increasingly balance their own lives with the needs of their ageing parents. They must reconcile the preferences of their parents with their institutional setting—that junction between policies and cultural expectations. A quick look at our own lives, and it’s easy to see that always making the “right” decisions can quickly get complicated for anyone.
An index of generational power reveals the impact of one of societies’ budding political cleavages
Everywhere we look, society’s crisscrossing political cleavages are deepening. Growing inequality threatens to open old wounds between the haves and have-nots, breakneck-paced globalisation between the forces of open and closed. Instead of easing understanding and compromise, the competing personal convictions within society seem to increasingly corral people into exclusive, crystallised interest groups. Deep enough, those cleavages can sever societal unity, carefully cultivated throughout Europe and the West since World War II, at the roots.
The integration potential of refugees in Austria is remarkable
We knew that migrants tend to be healthier, more open and better educated than the average citizen of the country they leave behind. What we didn’t expect is that this positive selection bias would be so pronounced among the refugees arriving during the most intense months of Europe’s refugee crisis.
All countries need it, but some seem to want it more than others
by Lucie Cerna
Highly skilled people are an indispensable driver of economic growth, competitiveness and innovation. Countries can develop that talent on their own through investment in education and training, but there is a faster way: recruit it from abroad.
Widespread education is, without a doubt, one of the great achievements of modern, industrialised states. In gross terms, it has pulled millions out of poverty over the last century. In relative terms, it has facilitated unprecedented socio-economic mobility and, presumably, equality.
Eliminating motherhood penalties means rethinking how the cost of raising children is divided between men and women, their families, communities, employers and the state
Over the past few decades, things have gotten better. Men have considerably increased the time they spend on childcare and housework, and policymakers across Europe have recognized the value of helping parents reconcile work and care duties. But women still provide a disproportionate about of care work in European households—between 1.5 and 2.5 times as much as men. This affects women’s labour market opportunities, pensions and, ultimately, wellbeing over the life course. These are the motherhood penalties.
Even a 100% turnout by young Brits or lowering the voting age could not have prevented Brexit
Britain’s generational divide was one of the first stories to come out of the UK’s historic referendum to leave the European Union. Within hours, news that more than two-thirds of voting 18 to 24-year-olds had cast their ballot in favour of staying in the EU rippled through the mediosphere, instantly igniting debates on generational privilege and responsibility.