Widespread education is, without a doubt, one of the great achievements of modern, industrialised states. In gross terms, it has pulled millions out of poverty over the last century. In relative terms, it has facilitated unprecedented socio-economic mobility and, presumably, equality.
Eliminating motherhood penalties means rethinking how the cost of raising children is divided between men and women, their families, communities, employers and the state
Over the past few decades, things have gotten better. Men have considerably increased the time they spend on childcare and housework, and policymakers across Europe have recognized the value of helping parents reconcile work and care duties. But women still provide a disproportionate about of care work in European households—between 1.5 and 2.5 times as much as men. This affects women’s labour market opportunities, pensions and, ultimately, wellbeing over the life course. These are the motherhood penalties.
Even a 100% turnout by young Brits or lowering the voting age could not have prevented Brexit
Britain’s generational divide was one of the first stories to come out of the UK’s historic referendum to leave the European Union. Within hours, news that more than two-thirds of voting 18 to 24-year-olds had cast their ballot in favour of staying in the EU rippled through the mediosphere, instantly igniting debates on generational privilege and responsibility.
New blueprint for the EU freedom of movement
by Jakub Bijak
Full control over international migration is an illusion, not only in the context of large-scale refugee crises. There is large inertia in social, economic, political and legal processes underpinning migration, next to the vested interests of various actors, institutions, and sectors of the economy. That makes migration difficult to control in the short run, even if there is a will to do so.
The future of the European project looks grim. The predominant narrative thread being woven through Europe’s media tapestry—that Europe’s near-decade-long string of crises has citizens shedding their European identities and, with it, their support for European integration—certainly gives that impression.
The European Covenant on Demographic Change is bringing together the right people at the right time
Despite decades of analysis, policy responses to Europe’s rapid population ageing have focused almost exclusively on the survival of national social protection systems. This is too narrow.
Employment disparities leave ethnic minorities in the UK under-pensioned
It’s no secret that some societal inequalities are not, shall we say, fair. Just do the numbers. Systemic income disparities between ethnic groups are found in many countries. Women earn less money than men in all of them. Pension gaps are the cumulative consequence.
Five takeaways from the Families and Societies European Policy Brief on intergenerational dependence
Whether we are sandwiched or stretched in mid-life is a matter of metaphorical consistency. How we care for our grandparents, parents and children is a matter of policy that affects just about everyone.
Ageism is, unfortunately, alive and well. In fact, it continues to be so pervasive that even its victims can be caught in the cycles that perpetuate it.